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Gods and Goddesses: What you need to know

Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, let’s take a look at the big picture. The world of mythology is vast and interconnected. It doesn’t make sense to understand one part of it without understanding others. That’s why we created this blog; to bring you up-to-date on all things related to our divine Gods and Goddesses. We hope that by shedding some light on these important figures in humanity’s history, we can spread a little bit more reverence for their power and importance in our lives today.
We are just beginning our journey as a species. There is so much more to uncover about these deities than we can ever imagine or understand now that we know more about them. But with each new discovery, comes a new opportunity to learn even more!

Photo by ArtsyBeeKids on Pixabay

Who are the Gods and Goddesses?

First, we need to understand what is meant by the words “Gods” and “Goddesses”. While we often think of the Gods as being great rulers of the world, and the Goddesses as being supremely powerful women, this is not entirely accurate. The truth is: both words are simply terms for powerful beings that are much more than human. A God is a male being, who embodies the creative power and energy of the universe. A Goddess is a female being, who embodies the creative power and energy of the universe. In other words, the Gods and Goddesses are cosmic forces of nature, who exist outside of time and space.

The Ancient Greek Pantheon

The Greeks are credited with being the first civilization to ever write stories about their Gods. Centuries later, we still learn about them in the same manner. Why? It is believed that the Ancient Greeks used a sort of shorthand to memorize their mythology. They created small capsules of information called “mythos” which they learned and repeated by rote. Eventually, they wrote these mythoi down. What did they learn about the Gods? There were 12 major Gods in the Greek Pantheon and they ruled every aspect of life. These 12 included the King of the Gods, Zeus, the Queen of the Gods, Hera, a God of War, and Ares. A Goddess of Love, Aphrodite. A God of the Sea, Poseidon. A Goddess of Wisdom, Athena. A God of the Harvest, Demeter. A Goddess of the Wild, Artemis. A God of Agriculture, Hermes. A Goddess of the Hunt, Artemis. This is just a basic overview of the 12 major players.

Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian Deities

These are the precursors to the Ancient Greeks. While their mythos may allude to the existence of gods, they never fully explain what is meant by “god” or “goddess”. In fact, the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians had no concept of a supreme being or even the idea of an afterlife. What did they write about their deities? The Sumerians and Babylonians had a wide variety of deities who represented many different aspects of life, each with their own unique personality. The Assyrians, on the other hand, had a much more simplistic system with just two supreme gods, Ashur and Ishtar, who were more like cosmic forces than personalities. The most significant thing about these civilizations, however, is the fact that the Sumerians were the first people to ever record their mythology in written form. This means that their myths represent the oldest stories ever written down.

Egyptian Mythology

Egyptian mythology may be some of the earliest stories ever written down, but it’s no less fascinating than the works of the Greeks or Romans. What did they write about their deities? Much like the Greeks, the Egyptians had an incredibly complex hierarchy of deities. The most significant thing about the Egyptian pantheon is that it was the first ever to include a Goddess who was equal to a God. What God and Goddess? The most significant deity in the Egyptian pantheon was Ra, the God of the Sun. His consort was Nut, the Goddess of the Sky, and their son was Horus, the God of the Sky.

The Norse Mythology

Norse mythology is derived from the Scandinavian peoples, who occupied a region that is now modern-day Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. What did they write about their deities? The main characters in the Norse pantheon were two brothers, Thor and Balder. What was special about the Norse gods? Norse mythology is notable for its focus on the interconnectedness of life. According to the Norse, everything from the weather to the earth and sky was a part of a vast web of life. What did they write about their deities? The Norse people used a unique form of poetry called the “Edda”, which was a book of mythology. What is special about the poems we have written about the Norse gods? The poems are written in a sort of code, which scholars have only recently been able to decipher. The result is the most thorough exposition of the Norse myths ever written down.

Roman Mythology

Roman mythology is another fascinating early human attempt to classify and categorize the world around them. What did they write about their deities? The Romans had a highly structured system of deities. They had a supreme being, Jupiter, and a supreme goddess, Juno. They also had a wide variety of other deities who represented various aspects of life. What is special about the Roman pantheon? The Roman pantheon was special for two reasons. First, it was one of the first ever to be structured as a government. It had a senate consisting of all the major deities, who would debate and vote on different issues. What did they write about their deities? The Romans wrote about the goings-on of the senate in a series of books called the “Aeneid,” which has become one of the most famous and important pieces of literature in history. What is special about the books written about the Roman gods? Although the Romans used a highly formalized system to write their mythology, the ideas they expressed in their writings are remarkably modern.


We have looked at the origins of the Greek, Egyptian, and Norse myths. We have also examined other cultures, including the Babylonian, Sumerian, and Roman mythologies. What can we take away from this journey? We can take away the understanding that myths and religion are very closely linked. Although the stories we have examined have been written down for centuries, humans have been telling myths for millennia. What does the future hold for our understanding of the Gods and Goddesses? It is impossible to know what new discoveries will be made as we continue to dig deeper into our past. However, as we expand our knowledge of the past, we grow in our understanding of the present.

Dictionary of God and Goddesses.


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